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The disease of the disc is cause frequent of chronic pain the back and the legs. It mainly affects lumbar vertebrae and sacred L4-L5, L5-S1. The degeneration of the pulpy nucleus and the fibrous ring worsens with the age and can not give annoyances or get to be very painful. The cause of the injury or damage of the disc usually is not known, the risk is greater in people with overweight. The discal hernia is little frequent before the 20 years of age and is very rare in the old ones since in them the discs usually are fibrticos (hard and without mobility).

The pain usually is placed in the low part of the back and it moves to a leg, rump or hip. I sneeze, the cough or any insignificant movement can cause the exit of the pulpy nucleus, consequently the broken and debilitated ring moves backwards. In case of serious damage of the disc, the pulpy nucleus can excel through ring (hernia) or completely leave to the degree to stay as a free segment within the rachidian conduit. It is not known so that mechanism the injury of an intervertebral disc produces pain. It has been postulated that damage in the disc triggers the production of inflammatory substances that bring about pain and inflammation. On the other hand, the hernia of the disc can injure nervous roots that trigger diverse upheavals of the conduction of the nervous impulse, like pain, creeps, sleepiness and until paralysis in more serious cases. Between the symptoms of breakage of the disc they stand out, pain, abnormal position and radiculopata (creeps, sleepiness, rigidity and paralysis). The annoyances are located generally in a single side of the body when the hernia is slight but it can be in both sides when the hernia is more outpost or is total. As It is detected the Discal Hernia Is necessary a Magnetic resonance or a Tomography of the spine to locate to the site and the degree of existing alteration.