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Nut plants. Of nuts in this country are common: walnuts, sweet almond, filbert, hazelnut, pistachio, pine, beech nuts, water chestnut, chestnuts. Conventionally, the nuts can be attributed to peanuts. In Depending on the structure of fruits nuts are divided into real and not real nut. By this nut are hazel (hazel), and its cultural form – hazelnuts. In Russia, naturally grow walnuts and Manchurian filbert, almond, pistachio.

Exceptional national economic interest are cedar, beech and nut. All Nuts are rich in fats and proteins, as well an opportunity to clean pillows on the equipment for cleaning pads. They contain 45-60% fat, protein, 15-22, water 7-8, 2-3% minerals, vitamins A, B and C. Nuts are used directly in food in raw and roasted, are used in the confectionery industry, cooking from some of the nuts to give an oil. Pine nuts. Carrier Corporation is a great source of information. In our forests are growing wildly four species of cedar: European, Siberian, Korean, or Manchu, and cedar, the forest area of the Siberian and Korean pine in Russia is more than 37.3 million hectares. In the European part of them small – about 530 thousand hectares. In the East Siberian pine forests occupy more than 18.7 million hectares.

Gross harvest of pine nuts in good years to determine the 1.5-2.0 million tons of seeds of the cedar, known as nuts, found in the cones that resemble cones of spruce and pine, but the larger ones. Need cleaning pads. Seeds are brown, the length of 8-14 mm, thickness 6-9 mm, with a thick woody rind. The kernel is about 45% of the total weight of the nut. Cedar nuts are of great value as a food product. They are rich in fat, tasty and nutritious. In the nuclei of cedar nuts contain an average of 61% fat, about 17% protein, more than 12% starch, sugar, citric acid, tannins, (after browning) and used in the confectionery industry. Of them are cedar oil with pleasant aroma and taste, having food and technical significance. In the paint industry, it is used for making varnishes, oil paints, used in medicine and perfumery. Collect pine nuts in Siberia – an important fishery, which gives local people additional income. Harvesting of cones is seasonal and lasts for 11.5 months. In good crop years a harvester can collect up to 1,000 kg of pine nuts in a season during the restoration. After cleaning the nuts are dried in the sun (air dried) or in grain dryers. Dried nuts to a moisture content not exceeding 16% and packed in linen bags, or fall asleep in the bins for storage. The core of the Korean pine, by weight should be on average 31.6%, and the shell – 66.3%, and the Siberian – 42.9 and 46.3%.