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Mushrooms have always been appreciated by people as an excellent food. According to its nutritional and taste good cooked mushrooms, sometimes replaced by vegetables and even meats. In the edible mushrooms contain more than 5-8% proteins, 3-5% carbohydrate, 1-4% fat, and almost all kinds of vitamins, essential amino acids and other beneficial substances for the organism. Also, they contain essential minerals and trace elements are active. Fungi are in demand all over land, especially during Lent and other religious events, when used in food meat products is prohibited by religious rules and canons.

But the natural fungi in nature is not enough, moreover, even edible fungi are sometimes dangerous. This is due to a terrible environmental problem. Forests are cut, the emissions of industrial organizations pollute the environment, resulting in a natural mushroom becoming less accessible. Exit out of this situation can be found. To date there are over ten types of edible mushrooms, which are amenable to artificial cultivation and widely used in industrial Mushroom. These include primarily: mushrooms, oyster mushrooms, summer and winter mushrooms, shiitake.

Moreover, these fungi grow as a industrial scale and in the amateur mushroom, in the home. Dilution mushrooms in artificial conditions is well known since 18 century. For this purpose basements and tunnels of mines, which maintained a stable daily temperature of 12-15 degrees (ideal for the growth and development of mushroom). Another components or waste agricultural industry or the trunks of trees growing hardwoods. Artificial cultivation of oyster mushrooms at home has become commonplace in any terrain.