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Originally Detinets, like most of Novgorod buildings were wooden, and XIV-XV centuries, the walls of the wood is gradually replaced by stone. The Kremlin was a cultural and political center of the Novgorod Republic. It was going to Veche and maintained records, it acted in military campaigns Novgorod militia, and in 1478 it was in the Kremlin announced the annexation of Novgorod to Moscow. The Kremlin is sure to visit the main shrine Novgorod region – Hagia Sophia. Founded in 1044-45 by Prince Vladimir's – the eldest son Yaroslav the Wise, Hagia Sophia is very similar to his sister, Kiev.

This five-naval,'s cross-building, which has, however, only three apses (speaking), and five domes. Unlike Kiev Sophia Novgorod inherent large monumental, stark power, simple forms and avarice decor. Bypassing the temple on the west side note Magdeburg (Sigtunskie) Gate – Military trophy Novgorod, brought in the xii century the Swedish Sigtuna. In relief depicted on the gates of scenes from the Old and New Testaments surprising artistic skill and taste. There is also a figure who made the gate masters – casters Rikvina (with weights in the right and tongs in his left hand) and Vaysmuta (with pliers in his hands). Between the figures of German artisans depicted Russian master Abraham, which brought together the plates on which the gates were dismantled for transport. Turning back, you see a building Novgorod Faceted Chamber. In xv century it met the Council of Lords, and here in 1570, took the famous Grim Feast of Ivan the Terrible, with whom he began his' Oprichny defeat.